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Isle of Axholme, Domesday Records

 
Billgoldthorp
#1 | Posted: 8 Jan 2009 17:52
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ALTHORPE

One carucate of land to be taxed. Land to one plough. Six sokemen have there one plough.

BELTON

Geoffrey de Wirce has the manor. In Beltone, Ulf and Alnod had five carucates of land to be taxed. Land to five ploughs. Geoffrey has there one plough and seventeen sokemen and twenty villenes and six bordars, having four ploughs and six oxen; and eleven fisheries of seven shillings. Wood pasture here and there, two miles long and two miles broad, value in King Edward's time £7, now 34 and 5 shillings and 4 pence. Tallaged at 20s.

THE WEALTHIEST AND MOST POPULATED MANOR WAS CROWLE

Crul, Croule, Crowle. It may a corruption of Krol, Danish for a shed or small habitation. I think about the South African Dutch,the Boer's name for native dwellings KRAAL.

Manor in Crowle –Alwin had one oxgang less than six carucates of land to be taxed. Land to as many ploughs. Inland at Hubaldstorp. –Now a certain Abbot of St. Germaines in Selby has there under Geoffrey, one plough in the demesne, and 15 villeins, and 19 bordars, having seven ploughs and 31 fisheries of 31 shillings. Thirty acres of meadow. There is a church and wood and pasture one mile long and onemile broad.
Value in King Edward's tome, £12, now £8. Tallaged at 40s.

EPWORTH

Manor. In Epuarde, Ledwin had eight carucates of land to be taxed. Land to twelve ploughs. Geoffrey de Wirce has two ploughs, and eight sokemen, with two carucates of land and 5 oxgangs of this land; and thirteen fisheries of five shillings, and sixteen acres of meadow. Wood pasture one mile long and one mile broad. Value in King Edward's time £8, now £5. Tallaged at 20s.

Haxey. Manor. In Aschescia (Haxa), Siward Barn had three carucates of land to be taxed. Land to six ploughs. Wazelin, a vassal of Geoffrey's has there two ploughs and a half, and sixteen villeins and eight bordars with three ploughs and a half, and nine fisheries of seven shillings, and three acres of meadow. Wood, pasture here and there, five quarentens long and one quarenten broad. Value in King Edward's time and now 100 shillings. Tallaged at 20s.

In virtually all manors in the north of England the value now is always much less than in King Edward's time. This reflects the Harrying of the North, virtual genocide in some areas due to the Anglo=Saxons initial refusal to accept William the Bastard as king after the battle of Hastings. The people of Haxey must have kept their heads down so they were missed.

LUDDINGTON

The parish was a river island, the Don on the northwest, the trent on the east and the Marrdyke on the south.

In Luddington, Gerulthorpe (Garthorpe), Moerae, and Watretone (Waterton), six carucates and a half to be taxed. Land to two ploughs. Four carucates and a half of this land are in the soke of Crowle. Twelve sokemen have now there two ploughs. Fulchere had there one carucate of land, with a hall; now it is waste. Ulfenise had there a carucate of land, soke of Belton. Gilbert claims it, Geoffrey has it and it is waste.
In King Edward's time, ten shillings now three shillings. A marsh ten miles long and three miles broad belongs to this island.

Moerae was probably not a vil but a piece of marshy ground. Probably the Morefield at Waterton. The marsh would be what is now Marshland in Yorkshire.

OWSTON

In Owston, Guede had four carucates of land to be taxed. Land to four ploughs. Geoffrey has there one plough and nine villeins, six bordars with three ploughs, and three fisheries of three shillings and six acres of meadow. Wood and pasture one mile long and one mile broad. Value in King Edward's time £6, now 30s. Tallaged at 10s.

WEST BUTTERWICK

Three carucates of land to be taxed. Soke and inland at Owston. One sokeman and six villeins have there one plough and one mill of four shillings.

WROOT

First mentioned in a deed of Roger de Mowbray, during the reign of Henty I. In which he gives all his possessions at Wroot, to God and the Monks of the blessed St. Mary at York. Probably unoccupied at the time of the Great Survey.


DEFINITIONS

Sokeman - Free holding land off the king.

Villein (or villain) - a peasant (tenant farmer) who was legally tied to the land he worked on. Alternative term is serf (from Latin servus = "slave"). A villein could not leave the land without the landowner's consent.

Villeins regardant - attached to the manor and soil.

Villeins in gros - at large or annexed to the person of the lord and could be transferred from one owner to another. Children were the same as parents. Emancipated in the wars of the Roses so they could become soldiers.

Bordars - A villein who rendered menial service for his cottage, a cottier.

The cottar, border - labourer were bound to aid the work of the home farm.

Soke - Early English law, the right of local jurisdiction, generally one of the feudal rights of ownership.

The soke - The district over which soke jurisdiction was exercised.

Quarenten - So far a search has failed to locate this word and its meaning.
Mary
#2 | Posted: 10 Jan 2009 10:24 | Edited by: Mary
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I tried a general google search and came upwith nothing but then I thought it might be worth trying google books to see if that would help. One entry thrown up was for a Middle English Dictionary published in 1985 by Lewis and Reidy. This came up with a meaning for quarenten of a tract of land equivalent to one square furlong or ten acres.
 
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