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Report: Timeline for Scandinavia

         Description: Navigate around Individuals and historical events

Timeline events are also available via a tab on any Individual with birth and death dates

Matches 1 to 17 of 17   » Comma-delimited CSV file

# History: Date History: Place History Full Name
1 27 Sep 530  Sweden   A comet (later called Halley's comet) appears in the night sky  Egil Aunsson, Vendikraka 
2 960  Denmark   Harald I 'Bluetooth', held threadbare control as King of Denmark and later Norway and probably converted himself and his family to christianity to forestall invasion by Otto I 'the Great', Holy Roman Emperor to whom he had been paying tribute to for many years. On his parents memorial stone at Jelling, Jutland, Denmark he had inscribed he 'had made the Dales to be Christian'.   Harald I'Blauzahn (Bluetooth)' Gormsson, King of Denmark and Norway 
3 997  Trondheim (Nidaros), Norway   Olaf I Tryggvason founded his seat of government in Trondheim, where he held his first 'thing', governing assembly and established his church.  Olaf I'Craccahen (Crowbone)' Tryggvason, King of Norway 
4 Abt 999  Iceland   From 950 Northmen had navigated to Iceland, Greenland and as far as North America with settlement at L'Anse aux Meadows 'Jellyfish Cove', Newfoundland, Canada with possible connection to an attempted colony at 'Vinland'.

Icelandic Viking traders regularly sailed the North Way to Norway but Olaf I Tryggvason, King of Norway decided to close the harbours to pagan visitors. Meeting at the Icelandic seat of government, the 'Thingvellir' their 'law-speaker' and arbitrator Thorgeir Thorkelsson (Þorgeirr Ljósvetningagoði) had been given a choice for his people had to convert to the christian way or be excluded. He persuaded his people to openly convert, though they could continue practicing their own rituals in private.  
Olaf I'Craccahen (Crowbone)' Tryggvason, King of Norway 
5 1000  Jotlandshaf, Jutland, Denmark   Olaf I Tryggvason, King of Norway and Sweyn I 'Forkbeard' had once been brothers-in-arms on raids but Sweyn ambushed Olaf in Danish waters. Olaf's 'Long Serpent' flagship was boarded and cleared of men. Olaf disappeared below the waves.  Sweyn I(Svend ,Svein)'Forkbeard (Tveskùg)' Haraldsson, King of Denmark and England 
6 1028  Sweden   From 1028 to 1035, Magnus was forced out of Norway by Canute 'the Great' but after his death, was invited by Norwegian noblemen, tired of living under Danish rule, to be King of Norway.  Magnus I'the Good', King of Norway 
7 29 Jul 1030  Stiklestad, Norway   Only 15 years old, Harald Sigurdsson fought at the Battle of Stiklestad with Olaf 'the Stout' Haraldsson, King of Norway who was slain.  Harald III'Hardråde (Hardrada ,Hard-Ruler)' Sigurdsson, King of Norway and Denmark 
8 08 Jun 1042  Denmark   After the death of Canute's son Harthacanute, under the terms of a peace treaty signed back in 1039, Magnus became heir of his kingdoms, and is made King of Denmark, despite rival claims had by Canute's nephew Sweyn II Estridsson. Magnus also has claim to the English throne but dies before he can prepare and exercise a landing.  Magnus I'the Good', King of Norway 
9 25 Oct 1047  Norway   On Magnus I deathbed, he is said to have made Sweyn II Estridsson his heir in Denmark, and Harald 'Hardrada' his heir in Norway. This was disputed by Harald, who did not approve of Sweyn being the king of Denmark, Sweyn was therefore not allowed to rule Denmark in peace until 1062  Magnus I'the Good', King of Norway 
10 1062  Norway   Harald 'Hardrada' may have been notified of his predecessor Magnus I' claim to the English throne. In the mid 1060s Harald starts to make preparations for an invasion of England.  Harald III'Hardråde (Hardrada ,Hard-Ruler)' Sigurdsson, King of Norway and Denmark 
11 Oct 1290  Tønsberg, Norway   In order to acquire Scotland through marriage, Edward I had arranged for his son to marry Margaret known as The Maid of Norway, the last of the house of 'Canmore'. However the Scottish line of succession fell into doubt when Margaret aged 7 died. There were two leading claimants for the Scottish throne John de Baliol and Robert Bruce 'the Elder' whom The Guardians (the governing body set up in absence of a king to prevent civil war) would need to decide upon. However The Guardians called upon an independent arbitrator to help settle the claim. They 'chose' Edward I who was family but on his terms would ensure the successor would pay swear fealty (an oath before God) to him  Margaret'Maid''last Canmore', Princes of Norway 
12 Between 31 May 1916 and 1 Jun 1916  off, Jutland, Denmark, North Sea, at sea   Commanded the Battleship HMS King George V.  Sir Frederick Laurence Field, G C B, K C M G, RN 
13 Between 31 May 1916 and 1 Jun 1916  off, Jutland, Denmark, North Sea, at sea   John Rushworth Jellicoe was in command of the British Grand Fleet at the Battle of Jutland in May 1916, the largest naval battle of World War I, and the only full-scale clash of battleships in that war. Though Great Britain suffered the worst losses of men and ships, the outcome was inconclusive, and British dominance of the North Sea was maintained.

Defeat as sea was not an option, it could have led to blockade, possible starvation and surrender. Winston Churchill had said, Sir John was "the only man on either side who could lose the war in an afternoon". To avoid that possibility Britain built more warships and bigger warships than Germany. Throughout the war she held an advantage of roughly two-to-one in battleships and battlecruisers. Superiority in numbers was designed to make defeat in battle impossible, and bottle-up the Germans on the other side of the North Sea. 
John Rushworth Jellicoe, 1st Earl Jellicoe 
14 16 Apr 1917  Finland Station, St. Petersburg, Russia   The 1917 February Revolution, provoked the abdication of Tsar Nicholas II, and Lenin decided to return to Russian; but he was isolated in neutral Switzerland, surrounded by countries fighting the World War I. The Swiss Communist Fritz Platten obtained Imperial German government permission allowing Lenin to cross Germany in a diplomatic train. The Germans expected Lenin's return to create political unrest in Russia and help end the Eastern front war, so Germany could concentrate upon defeating the Western allies. Having crossed Germany, Lenin continued through Sweden

On 16 April 1917 Lenin arrived at the Finland Station, Petrograd (St. Petersburg, named Leningrad bet. 1924 and 1991), Russia to assume command of the Bolsheviks, nspiring the October Revolution with the slogan 'All Power to the Soviets!'. By 17 Jul 1917 Leon Trotsky (born Lev Davidovich Bronstein 7 Nov 1879 Kherson, Russia died 21 Aug 1940 Mexico) emerges as a new Bolshevik leader.

According to Lenin, "He who does not work, neither shall he eat" (derived from II Thessalonians 3:10) is the first principle of socialism. In his 1917 work, State and Revolution Lenin explains that in a socialist society only productive individuals would be allowed access to the articles of consumption. 
Nicholas II(Nikolay) Alexandrovich Romanov, Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias 
15 8 Apr 1940  Narvik, Nordland County, Norway   The Allies considered a campaign to take control of Norway, including the key port of Narvik, and possibly also seizing the iron mines at Gällivare in northern Sweden, from which Germany obtained much of its iron ore. On 8 April, British ships began mining the waters around Norway. The following day, German troops occupied Denmark and began an invasion of Norway. German troops quickly occupied much of the country. The British sent troops to Norway, who met with little success, and on 26 April, the War Cabinet ordered a withdrawal.   Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill 
16 13 Aug 1940  Vust, Aalborg, North Jutland, Denmark   RAF pilot John Edmund Oates is shot down in his Blenheim T1889
John Edmund Oates 
17 24 May 1941  HMS Hood, Denmark Strait, at sea   HMS Hood, the second ship of that name after a pre-dreadnought battleship commissioned in 1891 and named after Admiral Samuel Hood, 1st Viscount Hood of Whitley was design as a lightweight high speed battlecruiser, of just over 40,000 tons and a top speed of 32 knot was approved by the Admiralty on 7 Apr 1916. Her keel was laid at John Brown's Shipyard, Glasgow on 1 Sep 1916. Following the largest maritime offensive to date at the Battle of Jutland 31 May to 1 Jun 1916 the Admiralty insisted the design be strengthened with deck armourplate increased from 9" to 12" at critical sections adding a further 5,000 tons. She was commissioned in 1920 and was largest warship afloat for the next 20 years. Hood was the flagship of the British Navy and at the outbreak of the second world war joined Force H in the destruction of the French fleet at Mers-el-Kébir, Algeria on 3 Jul 1940. When the similar sized and equipped but modern German battleship Bismarck sailed for the Atlantic in May 1941, Hood, together with newly commissioned battleship Prince of Wales, was sent to intercept and protect the Atlantic and Allied convoy. A direct hit from Bismark penetrated Hood's aft magazine and likely the resulting explosion sheared the aft section of Hood which sank in 3 minutes with the loss of 1418 men aboard. Three survived.  George Fotheringham